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Capacity Building and Technical Cooperation
Capacity Building is defined as the process by which the IHO assesses and assists in sustainable development of the Member States and other states, to meet the objectives of the IHO and the obligations related to SOLAS Chapter V, UNCLOS and other international instruments. Capacity Building is a strategic objective of the IHO.
The IHO has encouraged the establishment of Regional Hydrographic Commissions (RHCs) to coordinate hydrographic activity and cooperation at the regional level. The RHCs are made up of IHO Member States together with other regional States that wish to participate. RHCs work in close harmony with the Organization to help further its ideals and program. RHCs meet at regular intervals to discuss such things as mutual hydrographic and chart production problems, plan joint survey operations, and resolve schemes for medium and large scale International Chart coverage in their regions.
The Assembly as the main organ of the Organization is formed by the representatives of the Member States. It meets every three years to provide general guidance on the functioning and work of the Organization, as well as taking decisions of technical and administrative nature. IHO Publications M-1 Basic Documents of the IHO contains a detailed description of the procedural arrangements for IHO Assemblies.
The Secretary General and Directors, together with international experts in hydrography and nautical cartography as well as locally-recruited administrative support staff make up the IHO Secretariat in Monaco. The Secretariat coordinates and promotes the IHO's work programmes and provides advice and assistance to Member States and relevant third parties.
Importance of Hydrography
Definition of Hydrography Hydrography is the branch of applied sciences which deals with the measurement and description of the physical features of oceans, seas, coastal areas, lakes and rivers, as well as with the prediction of their change over time, for the primary purpose of safety of navigation and in support of all other marine activities, including economic development, security and defence, scientific research, and environmental protection. In addition to supporting safe and efficient navigation of ships, hydrography underpins almost every other activity associated with the sea, including: - resource exploitation - fishing, minerals,.. - environmental protection and management - maritime boundary delimitation - national marine spatial data infrastructures - recreational boating - maritime defence and security - tsunami flood and inundation modelling - coastal zone management - tourism - marine science
World Hydrography Day
Celebrated every year on 21 June, it highlights the importance of hydrography and why it is still relevant. The focus this year is on the key role hydrography can play in support of autonomous technologies. This includes aerial, surface and underwater survey drones as well as autonomous ships. Everyone can participate: organizations are invited to forward to the Secretariat any materials they create in support of their WHD 2020 celebrations to post on the IHO online communication outlets. This could include pictures or videos of autonomous technologies operating thanks to hydrographic data.
Introduction The Hydrographic Services and Standards Programme (Programme 2 of IHO WP) focuses on the implementation of the strategic direction of developing, improving, promulgating and promoting clear, uniform, global hydrographic standards to enhance safety of navigation at sea, protection of the marine environment, maritime security and economic development”. The main elements are: - Programme Coordination - Foundational Nautical Cartography Framework - S-100 Framework - S-57 Framework - Support the implementation of e-navigation and Marine Spatial Data Infrastructures (MSDI) - Hydrographic Surveying - Hydrographic aspects of UNCLOS - Other technical standards, specifications, guidelines and tools
IHO Online Catalogues
IHO Online Catalogues are maintained by the IHO Secretariat. This includes information provided by the RENCs, the Member States and other organizations.
Progress on Hydrographic Standards and Services
On 3 May 2021 a 3-day meeting spanning across all time zones began, with sessions starting at 01:00 in the morning for some, ending at 3:00 AM. for others, 120 participants, 29 IHO Member States from Asia, Americas, Europe, Middle-East, South Pacific, 5 NGIOS, 8 industry partners, user representatives… 12 working groups and project teams, an enlightening stakeholders’ session on the theme “Requirements and suggestions for the S-100 Implementation Decade in Navigation Systems – An industry and user perspective”, and more than 20 hydrographic existing and future standards under the spotlight, more than 70 decisions and actions to move forward - that was the 13th annual meeting of the IHO Hydrographic Services & Standards Committee chaired by M. Magnus Wallhagen, from the Swedish Maritime Authority.